Spine replacement on an early 19th century book
- Date: January 1, 2009
- Conservator: Suzy Morgan
- Call Number/Collection: Special Collections, Northwestern University Library
- Author: Hans Holbein
- Imprint: London, 1803
- Title: Dances of Death
- Dimensions (binding): 20.7 H x 16.4 W x 1.8 T (cm)
This is a case binding covered with a green bookcloth, with the title stamped in gold on the front board and spine. The textblock is a thick, machine-made pulpy white paper. The text has been printed with black printer’s ink and there is no type impression. There is a binder’s ticket that reads “Fogarty’s, Port Elizabeth” on the back pastedown.
Both boards are detached. The spine leather is missing except for small patch. The spine linings are split. There are 3 pieces of cellophane tape present on each board from a previous repair attempt. The board edges are abraded. The leather is skinned on the corners and in places on the boards.
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- Remove tape from boards.
- Clean and re-line spine using an overhanging lining.
- Dry-clean the textblock where necessary.
- Rehinge on loose pages at front and back.
- Remove leather from board edges and remake spine with a double-layer of moriki tissue.
- Recase using overhanging spine lining.
- Mask gap at inner hinges using a strip of thin tissue.
- The adhesive tape was removed from both boards using a combination of mechanical and solvent-assisted removal using ethanol.
- The spine was cleaned using a poultice of methyl cellulose.
- The loose front flyleaf and first 5 pages were reattached to the textblock with thin tissue hinges applied with wheat-starch paste.
- Two overhanging spine linings were adhered with wheat-starch paste.
- The decaying leather was removed mechanically from the spine-edge of both boards.
- The outermost spine lining was adhered ontop of the boards to reattach them to the textblock.
- A double-thickness of toned Moriki tissue was then used to replace the original spine leather. The turn-in tabs were slipped under the original paste-down.
- The inner tissue spine lining was then pasted onto the inside of the boards and under the edge of the original paste-downs, to hide the exposed board at the hinge. The paste-downs were then glued back down with wheat starch paste.
- The corners were built up with 20pt board and toned moriki tissue applied with a combination of PVA and wheat starch paste.
- The moriki tissue on the spine and corners was coated with a mixture of Klucel G and SC-6000 consolidant, then burnished with a bone folder.
- A plastic Colibri cover was placed on the book to protect the boards from further abrasion.